E-ISSN 2587-0831
Original Article
An Application of the Protection Motivation Theory to Predict Breast Self-Examination Behavior among Female Healthcare Workers
1 Department of Public Health, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran  
2 Department of Epidemiology, Modeling of Noncommuicable Diseases Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran  
3 Department of Radiation Oncology, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran  
4 Department of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran  
Eur J Breast Health 2019; 15: 90-97
DOI: 10.5152/ejbh.2019.4537
Key Words: Breast cancer, breast self-examination, protection motivation theory, women
Abstract

Objective: Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer among women and has the highest mortality rate among the women around the world. Early diagnosis of this cancer increases the survival of the patients. The aim of this study was to determine the predictor factors for breast self-examination (BSE) based on the Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) among female healthcare workers in Hamadan University of Medical Sciences.

 

Materials and Methods: This analytical-descriptive study was conducted on 501 employed women in age range of 20-61 years old in Hamadan University of Medical Sciences in west of Iran during 2018. Participants in the study were random stratified sampling selected. Data collection tools were demographic information and the constructs of PMT. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and the logistic regression tests.

 

Results: The results showed that only 9% of participants performed BSE regularly and monthly. The most important reason for lack of BSE was its triviality. Linear regression analysis showed that the structure of perceived threat appraisal is the predictor of the intention to perform BSE (R2=0.027). Moreover, the logistic regression analysis showed that the protection motivation construct was a strong predictor for BSE (R2=0.25).

 

Conclusion: The frequency of practice of BSE in female healthcare workers is low. Therefore, it is imperative to periodically emphasize the importance of early breast cancer diagnosis for them and the design of educational programs based on the PMT can increase the regular of BSE behavior.

 

Cite this article as: Bashirian S, Barati M, Mohammadi Y, Moaddabshoar L, Dogonchi M. An Application of the Protection Motivation Theory to Predict Breast Self-Examination Behavior among Female Healthcare Workers. Eur J Breast Health 2019; 15(2): 90-97.

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