E-ISSN 2587-0831
Original Article
QOL Evaluation of Nab-Paclitaxel and Docetaxel for Early Breast Cancer
1 Division of Drug Information Analytics, Department of Drug Information, Showa University School of Pharmacy, Tokyo, Japan  
2 Division of Breast Surgical Oncology, Department of Surgery, Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan  
Eur J Breast Health 2018; 14: 194-198
DOI: 10.5152/ejbh.2018.4174
Key Words: Breast cancer therapy, side effect, quality of life, patient support system
Abstract

Objective: A previous randomized phase II study showed that neoadjuvant nab-paclitaxel (nab-PTX) 100 mg/m2) was effective and well-tolerated in patients with HER2-negative early-stage breast cancer, compared with docetaxel (DTX). We evaluated patient outcomes in terms of the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast (FACT-B), as a measure of health-related quality of life (HRQoL).


Materials and Methods: Stage I–III HER2-negative breast cancer patients from the previous study were included. They received either four cycles of nab-PTX (100 mg/m2 days 1/8/15) every 4 weeks, or DTX (75 mg/m2 day 1) every 3 weeks, both followed by four cycles of 5-fluorouracil/epirubicin/cyclophosphamide (FEC). Patients completed a health-related quality-of-life questionnaire at baseline, after one and four cycles of taxanes, before administration of FEC, and after administration of one and four cycles of FEC.


Results: Thirty-six eligible patients were enrolled. The baseline characteristics of the two groups were well balanced. FACT-B scores at baseline and after four cycles of taxanes were 115/108 (DTX/nab-PTX) and 99/92, respectively. There were no significant differences between DTX and nab-PTX for FACT-B, FACT-B-Trial Outcome Index (FACT-B-TOI) and FACT-General. FACT-B and FACT-B TOI scores tended to decrease after one cycle and after four cycles of chemotherapy which did not recover to the baseline scores through the end of chemotherapy in each group.


Conclusion: There were no significant safety differences between nab-PTX and DTX. HRQoL tended to decrease during taxane-based anticancer treatment, with no significant differences between the treatments. We suggest that the HRQoL questionnaire has limited ability to evaluate different chemotherapy schedules. Trial registration UMIN000009855. Nov 20, 2012 registered.


Cite this article as: Okuyama H, Nakamura S, Akashi-Tanaka S, Sawada T, Kuwayama T, Handa S, Kato Y. QOL Evaluation of Nab-Paclitaxel and Docetaxel for Early Breast Cancer. Eur J Breast Health 2018; 14(4): 194-198.

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