E-ISSN 2587-0831
Original Article
Investigation of Screening Methods Used For Early Diagnosis of Breast Cancer Among Women Applied For Gynecology Outpatient Clinics: A Hospital-Based Study
1 Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medeniyet University Göztepe Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey  
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bahçeşehir University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey  
3 Department of Biostatistics, Marmara University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey  
Eur J Breast Health ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/tjbh.2016.3230
This article was viewed 184 times, downloaded 0 times

Key Words: Breast cancer, mammography, breast self exam, clinical breast exam, ultrasound imaging

Objective: Breast self-examination (BSE), clinical breast exam (CBE), mammography and ultrasound imaging (UI) are screening methods used for early diagnosis of breast cancer (BC). The purpose of this study is to put forth the utilization frequency of these screening methods among women applied for gynecology outpatient clinics and the relation of these data to social-demographic characteristics of the women.

Materials and Methods: A survey was conducted to 429 women (age, 16-80 years) who were admitted to gynecology outpatient clinics. The survey inquired about the rate and frequency of performance of BSE, CBE, mammography and UI; personal and family history of breast cancer and social-demographic characteristics of the women.

Results: The mean age was 40.08 (SD: 3,67). More than half of the women above 40 years old (59.7%) have never had mammography. 99.8 % of the women who had mammography also had UI performed. There was a significant relationship between BSE performance and having mammography. 57.4% of the women above 40 years old (117) had UI, 53.9% (110) had CBE and 57.3% (117) performed BSE. There was a significant relationship between age, education status and regular BSE; positive family history of BC and having CBE and mammography. 

Conclusion: The results reveal that rate of BSE performance, having mammography and CBE are less than ideal levels. In this context, it is apparent that breast cancer screening methods are needed to be introduced and guidance about their application frequency should be given to the women in gynecology out-patient clinics.

Key Words
Author’s Corner
AVES | Copyright © 2017 Turkish Federation of Breast Diseases Associations | Latest Update: 25.05.2017