European Journal of Breast Health
Original Article

A Picture of Breast Reconstruction in a Public Oncology Hospital in Latin America: A Ten-Year Experience

1.

Erasto Gaertner Hospital, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Curitiba/Paraná, Brazil

2.

Positivo University, Medical School, Curitiba/Paraná, Brazil

3.

Federal University of Paraná, Medical School, Curitiba/Paraná, Brazil

4.

Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Medical School, Curitiba/Paraná, Brazil

Eur J Breast Health 2020; 16: 244-249
DOI: 10.5152/ejbh.2020.5848
Read: 126 Downloads: 70 Published: 23 September 2020

Objective: Breast cancer is the most frequent malignant tumor among women worldwide, with the sole exception of non-melanoma skin cancer. Currently, one of the most common treatments in Brazil is modified radical mastectomy, which, although effective, leads to both physical and psychological complications. In this context, breast reconstruction seeks to restore the functional and psychosocial health of women. This study aims to investigate the characteristics of breast reconstructions after mastectomy by comparing immediate and delayed reconstructions.

Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective observational study, which was performed by analyzing the electronic medical records of the Erasto Gaertner Hospital in Curitiba, Brazil, from between January 2007 and December 2017.

Results: After applying exclusion criteria, we analyzed a total of 268 medical records from January 2010 to December 2017. The most frequent histological type was invasive ductal carcinoma. Patients treated after 2014 had a higher number of immediate reconstructions, and the most commonly used method was alloplastic reconstruction using expanders (66.5%). There was no significant difference in the frequency of immediate or late complications between patients who opted for immediate or delayed reconstructions. The most common immediate complication was surgical wound dehiscence, and the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy was not associated with a higher rate of complications in immediate reconstructions.

Conclusion: The current preference is for immediate reconstructions with breast tissue expanders in combination with chemotherapy, which follows a trend in Brazil and worldwide that has been identified in the literature. Finally, the growth in immediate reconstructions with no associated increase in complications demonstrates the effectiveness of this practice.

Cite this article as: Groth AK, Closs Ono MC, Weihermann V, Brasil Bastos LZ, de Santana Rezende TM, de Zorzi Dalke DB, Borssuk Ferreira CI. A Picture of Breast Reconstruction in a Public Oncology Hospital in Latin America: A Ten-Year Experience. Eur J Breast Health 2020; 16(4): 244-249.

Files
EISSN 2587-0831